Titulus Crucis – INRI


The “Titulus Crucis” or Crucifixion Inscription of Pontius Pilate, proclaimed Jesus of Nazareth to be the King of the Jews. The letters INRI are from the Latin: Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum. This historical relic of the True Cross was brought to Rome by St. Helena in the fourth century and today is kept in the Basilica of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme in Rome.  The left half of the inscription is missing. As St. John records in his Gospel, the inscription was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek (Jn 19:19). What is interesting about the relic, and evidence of its genuineness, is that all three languages are written from right to left in the Hebrew manner familiar to the locals. Below is a reconstruction of what the full inscription would have looked like: